Types Of Daisies
Discover the Different Types of Daisies
All types of daisies belong to the Asteraceae family, which in itself has over 20,000 different species. Other members of this family include sunflowers and even some types of lettuce!
Although daisies look like a miniature version of sunflowers, they are much more robust and durable. The Latin name for daisies is 'bellis perennis' and literally means 'everlasting beauty'. While there are many wild varieties, the most common types of daisies that we know add up to about 15. Most of the time we see daisies grow on fields and lawns, and many gardeners feel that they are actually a weed. However, daisies have been very popular since the Middle Age due to their color variety ranging from white to pink, and they were used in cooking and medicine. Although we do not have any written evidence, people believe that the various types of daisies were used for the relief of cough, indigestion and several skin diseases as well as to heal wounds. What we do know is that the plant contains many good oils, vitamins and other healthy ingredients.
Daisies are in fact not toxic to humans and contain important and healthy nutrition such as vitamin C, calcium and magnesium. Thus, the different types of daisies are not only an all-time favorite in country gardens, but they are also a culinary delight for people who enjoy cooking on a nature-based cuisine. We still use daisies to make herbal tea, honey and salads! Daisies also have a symbolic meaning because they are one of the first flowers to bloom at the beginning of spring. In Nordic mythology, daisies were dedicated to goddess Ostara. All types of daises are somehow linked to myths, legends and beautiful female figures in religion and mythology. It is even mentioned in the famous Harry Potter movies as magical ingredient.
From a botanic point of view, the various types of daisies count as a tough and robust field plant. They are native in Europe and parts of Asia, but they are found almost anywhere today. Daisies can have different color combinations, but the structure is always the same: a round center piece with colorful long petals that shape the entire flower like a star. The blossom turns around itself throughout the day as it is following the sun. When it gets dark or rainy, the blossom literally 'shuts down' and re-opens when the sun is back.
The plant can only spread with the help of insects which is reason why they attract many of them. Daisies are also an important source of nutrition for sheep, goats, cows and worms.
Daises grow many consecutive years, but some hybrid versions can be a little weaker. This is because people have tried to breed specific color combinations at the expense of their tough survival instinct. The traditional daisy has a yellow center and white petals. It blooms from March to October, but it is able to flower all year round if it is growing in a mild climate area.
Here is a list of the various types of daisies that we know about:
# Bellis annua
* Bellis annua ssp. annua
* Bellis annua ssp. vandasii
# Bellis azorica
# Bellis bernardii
# Bellis caerulescens
# Bellis hybrida
# Bellis hyrcanica
# Bellis longifolia
# Bellis microcephala
# Bellis perennis
# Bellis rotundifolia:
* Bellis rotundifolia ssp. rotundifolia
* Bellis rotundifolia ssp. caerulescens
# Bellis sylvestris
All these types grow equally well in any garden. They can survive frost and look absolutely stunning, especially if you choose a variety that differs a little from the traditional yellow-white. For instance, the pink and orange types of daisies are very popular among gardeners and look absolutely striking in a bunch of flowers with some greens!